HTML Symbols

This page contains the HTML symbols. More specifically, these HTML symbols consist of mathematical symbols, greek letters, and other related symbols.

Also see HTML Special Characters for a full list of special characters.

General Symbols

The following table displays a list of general symbols that are supported by HTML. If you want to display any of the symbols in the left column, you need to use either the HTML entity number (in the 2nd column) or the HTML entity name (in the 3rd column).

For example, if you want to display a euro symbol (€), you should use either € or € in your code.

Character HTML Entity Number HTML Entity Name Description
ΠΠΠcapital ligature OE
œ œ œ small ligature oe
Š Š Š capital S with caron
š š š small S with caron
Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ capital Y with diaeres
ƒ ƒ ƒ f with hook
ˆ ˆ ˆ modifier letter circumflex accent
˜ ˜ ˜ small tilde
    en space
    em space
    thin space
‌ ‌ zero width non-joiner
‍ ‍ zero width joiner
‎ ‎ left-to-right mark
‏ ‏ right-to-left mark
– – en dash
— — em dash
‘ ‘ left single quotation mark
’ ’ right single quotation mark
‚ ‚ single low-9 quotation mark
“ “ left double quotation mark
” ” right double quotation mark
„ „ double low-9 quotation mark
† † dagger
‡ ‡ double dagger
• • bullet
… … horizontal ellipsis
‰ ‰ per mille 
′ ′ minutes
″ ″ seconds
‹ ‹ single left angle quotation
› › single right angle quotation
‾ ‾ overline
€ € euro
™ ™ trademark
← ← left arrow
↑ ↑ up arrow
→ → right arrow
↓ ↓ down arrow
↔ ↔ left right arrow
↵ ↵ carriage return arrow
⌈ ⌈ left ceiling
⌉ ⌉ right ceiling
⌊ ⌊ left floor
⌋ ⌋ right floor
◊ ◊ lozenge
♠ ♠ spade
♣ ♣ club
♥ ♥ heart
♦ ♦ diamond

HTML Mathematical Symbols

The following table contains a list of mathematical symbols that you can use within your HTML code. To display any of the math symbols in the left column, you need to use either the HTML entity number or the HTML entity name within your HTML code.

For example, if you want to display a "sum" symbol (∑), you should use either ∑ or ∑ in your code.

Symbol HTML Entity Number HTML Entity Name Description
∀ ∀ for all
∂ ∂ part
∃ ∃ exists
∅ ∅ empty
∇ ∇ nabla
∈ ∈ isin
∉ ∉ notin
∋ ∋ ni
∏ ∏ prod
∑ ∑ sum
− − minus
∗ ∗ lowast
√ √ square root
∝ ∝ proportional to
∞ ∞ infinity
∠ ∠ angle
∧ ∧ and
∨ ∨ or
∩ ∩ cap
∪ ∪ cup
∫ ∫ integral
∴ ∴ therefore
∼ ∼ similar to
≅ ≅ congruent to
≈ ≈ almost equal
≠ ≠ not equal
≡ ≡ equivalent
≤ ≤ less or equal
≥ ≥ greater or equal
⊂ ⊂ subset of
⊃ ⊃ superset of
⊄ ⊄ not subset of
⊆ ⊆ subset or equal
⊇ ⊇ superset or equal
⊕ ⊕ circled plus
⊗ ⊗ circled times
⊥ ⊥ perpendicular
⋅ ⋅ dot operator
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